Simple Hacks For Boosting Energy-Efficiency Fast
Post by : Anthony Tobar | Post on : May 18, 2022 at 4:58 pm
One of the largest cost-drivers for commercial facilities is energy bills, typically around 15% of warehouse operating budgets, and much more for refrigerated ones.
So it’s surprising to know that, according to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, energy loss has reached the staggering 30% mark, on average.
Where is the waste coming from?
The short answer is, from materials, equipment, and processes better designed to let precious energy escape than conserving it for greater overall efficiency.
But it’s not like their wasted energy only comes due when it’s time to pay the bills, since they also push productivity downward, take carbon footprints soaring, while cutting into annual profits and returns.
Here’s the other thing: Energy loss can’t be fixed by working harder, because a portion of what you stand to earn and save will always go to waste with equipment and materials inefficient at climate control.
For the greatest gains, without the losses, more efficient alternatives are needed—known as energy-savers!
ENERGY SAVERS THAT BASICALLY
PAY FOR THEMSELVES
1. INSULATION MATERIAL
Materials that perform the task of insulation vary, based on the application they’re needed for and their cost-to-benefits. But what allows you to get the most out of your investment in thermal-resistance, climate control, and energy-efficiency is insulation R-value.
So when choosing the insulation materials right for you, a few things to consider, in addition to maximum R-value per dollar, is the level of air filtration and durability to be expected from available options, as this will ensure the least amount of energy loss for the longest duration.
2. PERIMETER SEALS
Tiny gaps that surround loading dock doors are notorious for letting energy escape every time shipments arrive or need to be sent out, an ongoing inefficiency that takes its toll on energy bills, depending how many positions are operating, and how frequently.
For fast-paced facilities, it’s not uncommon for thousands of dollars to be wasted monthly on energy loss, per opening. But with perimeter seals designed to be airtight, this problem simply disappears, along with the gaps, so that the thousands which were being docked, end up paying for the seals instead.
3. HIGH-SPEED DOORS
The slower doors move, the longer they take to open and close, the more energy they force you to have to waste. And there’s nothing they can do about it, since they were never really designed for energy-efficiency, but to look strong and sturdy.
Industrial high-speed doors break those barriers, particularly in refrigerated environments, processing facilities, and busy warehouses, where their ultra-fast operating speeds deliver all the advantages required to keep climates under control, while letting the least amount of energy escape, for the highest amount of traffic.
Productivity Drains Putting Shipments And Personnel At Risk
Post by : Anthony Tobar | Post on : May 2, 2022 at 9:35 pm
The purpose of shipping and receiving is to transfer cargo as safely as possible, quickly.
Anything less puts personnel at risk of serious injury, delays the exchange of goods and services, and sends productivity packing.
Consider, for instance, that U.S. warehouses regularly report over 200,000 employee accidents every year, while adding more than $80 billion in inefficiency costs on top that, and it’s clear that no shortage of suffering is being incurred by slow and hazardous operations.
A big portion of which can be attributed to deficiencies in the design and processes of loading areas where harsh weather, airborne contamination, trailer separation and miscommunication can slip through the cracks, endangering freight and traffic.
Unfortunately, when plans to mitigate these well-known accident and productivity risks fail, it’s often the reputation of facilities and operations specialists that’s on the line.
And that’s because someone has to answer for the compliance violations likely to ensue, forthcoming customer complaints, and any compensation requests from injured parties.
But whether it’s your employees at risk of taking the fall or your shipments being exposed to damage and delays, the end result is always the same: a drain on productivity caused by one or more of the warehouse threats below!
WAREHOUSE THREATS WAITING TO FAIL
AT ANY MOMENT
1. DOCK GAPS
Dock gaps, tiny crevices surrounding bay doors, tend to add up to several feet of risk exposure across multiple positions, opening you up to a series of damaging effects.
What effects, in particular?
Let’s start with the risk of weather-related employee accidents, product damage and airborne contamination that seeps through. As if this weren’t enough, how about the untold costs of energy loss per annum, easily somewhere in the thousands, per dock position. And to cap things off, there’s the simple fact that dock gaps are common cause of failed inspections, since they’re a tell-tale sign of unsealed perimeters deemed unsafe by regulators.
2. MANUAL EQUIPMENT
When equipment has to be operated manually, there exists the risk of human inefficiency.
This is the case with the deployment of mechanical dock levelers, when preparing for loading and unloading, and the placing of wheel chocks, to keep trailers stationary.
Mechanical levelers, for example, require more physical effort and time to operate, even though their sensitive parts, like springs, will fail and need to be repaired more often than hydraulic systems. While wheel chocks similarly depend on someone having to move them in and out of position, again, taking more time, without assurance they won’t slip or be misplaced, unlike with automatic vehicle restraints.
3. OUTDATED CONTROLS
Frequently the single greatest cause of failure between truck drivers, material handlers, and dock equipment is miscommunication.
And if your warehouse is high-volume and fast-paced, then the chances for mixed signals, or no signals at all, becomes concerning for all.
But it’s not like you can rely on outdated loading dock technology to fix it, when it’s their capability that’s lacking in the first place, such as security controls that aren’t integrated to activate vehicle restraints, sectional doors, levelers and lights when needed, cluttering shipment protocols, instead of streamlining them into a safe and efficient process, operable within an interconnected master control panel at your automatic command.
The Worst And Best Ways To Dominate Pests
Post by : Anthony Tobar | Post on : March 30, 2022 at 5:30 pm
Threats of infestation are a sanitation nightmare for food, beverage, and drug safety.
Yet they happen almost regularly, according to a 2015 research report by Renktoil North America, increasing business operating costs by over $6 billion dollars, with a loss of revenue surpassing $13 billion.
All thanks to creepy crawlers and insect intruders that prefer nothing better than making your products and ingredients their favorite landing spots, introducing germs that cause diseases like Listeria and Salmonella into production.
But disturbing as this is on its own, it leaves out the risk of compliance violations regulators are forced to issue—under Title 21 of the FDA’s Code of Federal Regulations—if traces of contamination left by pests are found during inspections.
Fines, penalties, and even temporary shutdowns until the situation is fully under control wouldn’t be out of the question, which is why there’s no shortage of pest control solutions being thrown at facilities and operations specialists who rely on strict sanitation.
As for how effective they actually are at dominating pests, well, keep reading to find out!
PEST CONTROL ALTERNATIVES
AT YOUR COMMAND
1. CHEMICAL SOLUTIONS
Whether in liquid, gas, or solid form, chemical-based pest control is designed to kill off whatever harmful organisms plague your environment. And, yes, while they can be deadly effective at ridding your facilities of unwanted pests, they are also inherently toxic and can cause serious illness, depending on the agents being used and the level of human exposure. For this reason, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) urges chemical-based solutions only as a last resort, in order to preserve indoor air quality.
2. ENVIRONMENTAL CLEANLINESS
Falling under the well-established norms of prevention, environmental cleanliness is the most sweeping form of pest control, and primarily includes the proper handling and disposal of trash, observance of strict cleaning protocols, and close facility systems monitoring, like plumbing leaks, often a source of hydration for populations of pests. But while indispensable as a first line of defense, it’s nearly impossible to keep track of every environmental issue that can go wrong at any given time, which is why you’ll always be left vulnerable to pest intrusions taking place on a micro-level.
3. SCREEN BARRIERS
Encompassing protective hardware that can be conveniently erected at known entry points for pests, physical barriers, a recognized pillar of Integrated Pest Management (IPM), is the only approach that offers prevention and protection simultaneously, with the help of screen meshes that stop pests from breaking into facilities in the first place. It’s not surprising, then, that federal regulators and industry experts alike widely suggest their use, given the sanitation risk benefits and safety upside they provide not just your operations but also employees.
Common Surfaces Likely Contaminating Your Environments
Post by : Anthony Tobar | Post on : March 1, 2022 at 9:00 pm
Whether you’re a food and beverage processor, a pharmaceutical lab, or operate any other type of facility with strict environmental controls, contamination makes a mess of things.
One of the main common causes for concern, when it shows up, is corrosion, which can be quite costly. In fact, NACE International appraised the global estimated cost of corrosion in 2013 at $2.5 trillion.
And since corrosion is caused in many ways, including exposure to electrical currents, oxygen, water, acids, salts, and warm temperatures, few facilities are safe from the contamination risks that follow.
The worst part?
Because corrosion is irreversible, replacement of corroded materials is often the only option, since failure to expel it from surroundings can contaminate the goods you produce and deliver. Furthermore, like adding salt to a wound, operations may even have to be stopped temporarily while fixing these issues, which can cause productivity, your reputation and bottom line to take a dip.
That’s why the most important question to ask oneself, in preventing contamination caused by corrosion, is: where could it possibly be spreading itself?
The answer may surprise you, if only because corrosion likes to show itself in plain sight, on the surface of common equipment that could be leaving your processes exposed!
EQUIPMENT GETTING EATEN AWAY
1. PRODUCTION MACHINERY
Many industrial plants end up creating the exact conditions that lead to corrosion. And once metal pieces of machinery start to corrode, there’s no stopping it. Not only does this lead to having to replace the corroded parts, but it also increases the likelihood of ongoing contamination. Knowing how corrosion works, it’s not the least bit surprising how often it likes to strike at the very heart and valves of production.
2. FREIGHT VEHICLES
Corrosion can also cause problems for freight vehicles by damaging the equipment’s electrical system. Once moisture gets into the wiring system, it can proceed down the entire length of the wire, which only makes the problem worse. And that’s not all, since, in all likelihood, corrosion may already be taking over exterior metallic surfaces which are likely to come into direct contact with current shipments.
3. ENTRANCE DOORS
Sanitization is critical, especially when you’re working in food and beverage or pharmaceutical industries. But rigorous sanitization requirements can lead to corrosion that rots conventional hollow metal and stainless steel doors from the inside out, making them defenseless against moisture, chemicals, and bacteria. And so, once corrosion is allowed to enter your doors freely, the only way to make sure it stays out is with doors that can’t be rotted.
Eliminate Downtime And Emergencies With These 3 INDESTRUCTIBLE Solutions
Post by : Anthony Tobar | Post on : September 21, 2020 at 3:18 pm
In today’s rugged industrial environments tasked with achieving bigger and better results—faster—most conventional doors just don’t cut it anymore when compared to what’s out there.
Operations and facilities specialists at fast-paced industrial plants, warehouses, and distributors are finding this out the hard way.
Whether it’s through frequent accidents and collision damage, safety hazards, or maintenance costs that are increasingly hard to swallow…
Low performance roll-up doors are killing operational efficiency!
This can pose great risks to a company’s bottom line, corporate reputation, and (in the worst cases) even the job security of the specialists responsible for making sure facilities are running smoothly and delivering results.
Fortunately, it doesn’t have to end this way.
That’s because leading companies in blue chip industries are trading in their rolling steel doors for a special type of door that’s safer, more durable, and better equipped to handle your high-traffic applications, without fail: impactable rubber doors.
So what makes them the top roll-up door for industrial facilities prone to impact damage?
Below is everything you need to know about these 3 INDESTRUCTIBLE solutions that outperform the competition!
IMPACTABLE RUBBER DOORS THAT OUTPERFORM THE COMPETITION
Known by its makers as the “toughest high speed rubber door on the market,” MaxSpeed™ is unmistakably suited for large openings across logistics and transportation facilities, such as airport terminals and bus stations, as well as manufacturing, distribution, and utilities facilities that rely on fast, continuous heavy-duty operation.
But more than just its ultra-efficient opening speeds and safe springless design, what makes MaxSpeed™ the ultimate roll-up door of its kind is its unique ability to make unexpected downtime and emergencies a thing of the past, with its fully impactable breakaway system and 1,000,000 cycle rating.
So while this alone is enough to satisfy even the most stringent demands for reliable security across busy openings prone to impact damage, nothing puts operations and facilities specialists more at ease than the peace of mind that comes with the standard lifetime warranty on all MaxSpeed™ rubber curtains!
Earning its nickname as “the last dock door you’ll ever buy,” MaxDock™ is a high-efficiency replacement to damage-prone sectional doors that are all too common across busy warehouses in the logistics and distribution, manufacturing, food & beverage, and pharmaceutical industries.
Featuring a fully impactable design, along with its breakaway bottom bar that resets itself automatically when struck by forklifts and other moving objects, this rubber dock door also provides the advantage of saving you thousands of dollars in repair costs across multiple positions every single year.
But as with all things concerning the safety and security of warehouse and loading dock operations, MaxDock™ wouldn’t be complete without its lifetime rubber curtain warranty and standard 1,000,000 cycle rating—there to take the risk off your shoulders and help you keep up with the pace of business!
A high performance solution for rugged industrial openings, MaxPro™ is a superior alternative to rolling steel doors and an ideal fit for warehouses, manufacturing plants as well as utilities and transportation stations that rely on uninterrupted facility access no matter what.
By combining its impactable, springless design with only 5 moving parts—including a powerful direct-drive motor rated for over 1,000,000 cycles—MaxPro™ doesn’t just deliver extreme toughness and security all-year-round, it also gets rid of emergency threats associated with virtually any type of accident.
And since you might have guessed that MaxPro’s™ advanced rubber curtain is backed by a lifetime warranty (like all PerforMax® models), the other thing you should know is that it can also be equipped with a custom array of safety features, for those who simply can’t tolerate unwelcome surprises any longer!
How To Stop Your Facility From Becoming A COVID-19 Hotspot
Post by : Anthony Tobar | Post on : May 19, 2020 at 1:08 am
To date, the only thing certain about COVID-19 is that until a vaccine is produced and made available to the general public…
The global pandemic, which has surpassed a 6-figure death toll in the U.S., isn’t going away any time soon.
All this despite the lifting of stay-at-home orders from states that are witnessing gradual declines of total new cases.
But while many businesses are welcoming the opportunity to fully reopen their doors again, the grave and present danger of sudden outbreaks is impossible to ignore, particularly for plants, warehouses, and distribution centers that employ hundreds or even thousands of workers in close quarters.
In these environments it’s likely for even a single case to spiral into a “domino effect” of new cases quickly and without remorse.
In fact, it’s already happened at dozens of plants that became major “hotspots” for the transmission of COVID-19, and can most certainly happen again…
If not for the following safety measures that enable you to root out harmful cases and prevent the spread of COVID-19 at your facilities!
ADVANCED STRATEGIES FOR PREVENTING OUTBREAKS OF COVID-19 CASES
1. DISEASE SURVEILLANCE
Critical to helping you identify who could be infected with COVID-19 prior to gaining entry into your facilities, disease surveillance is a no-nonsense mitigation strategy that’s currently being employed at the highest levels.
Take the U.S. Army, for example:
To combat COVID-19, they have elected to screen the body temperature of personnel seeking access into their military facilities, using thermal imaging devices that don’t require any physical contact and can be operated safely at a distance of six to eight feet.
And since this screening process only takes a few seconds to complete, disease surveillance, via thermal imaging, has been shown to increase the flow of traffic into facilities while identifying common symptoms of infection that would otherwise be allowed spread.
2. HYGIENIC CLEARANCE
Unquestionably effective in killing off germs and bacteria associated with COVID-19, hygiene, particularly of the hands, is a preventive mitigation strategy without substitute.
The only issue, however, is that it’s not always guaranteed that people will sanitize their hands efficiently, or as often as they need to, prior to gaining access into populated environments where infectious germs can spread easily through direct or indirect contact.
In this case, only clearance-based hygienic protocols—like the use of sanitation stations that operate seamlessly with point-of-entry systems—can provide facilities and operations specialists with a fail-safe mechanism for allowing untainted room access strictly to personnel who’ve enacted compliance by undergoing automated and secure hand sanitation procedures.
3. TOUCHLESS AUTOMATION
An extremely sanitary and convenient alternative to manually-operated point-of-entry and egress, touchless automation is an intelligent mitigation strategy that removes the need for physical contact with equipment that can readily transmit COVID-19.
And it couldn’t be easier to enforce…
Thanks to microwave motion sensors that eliminate possible points of contamination—using reliable wave-to-open or hands-free activation that can be triggered anywhere from 2 to 24 inches away—across virtually every entrance of your facilities!
All things considered, what else can even come close to keeping you and everyone you come into contact with protected than not having to place a single finger on commonly touched surfaces that accumulate viral pathogens, non-stop, while you work?
6 Urgent Reasons To Consider An Essential Maintenance Program
Post by : Anthony Tobar | Post on : April 21, 2020 at 7:58 pm
“Nothing lasts forever…”
“Especially in fast-paced facilities where operations are working harder and harder to keep up with the pace of business.”
It’s probably what vendors in charge of servicing equipment have been telling you all along.
And while it’s true that even the toughest equipment will eventually fall victim to wear-and-tear damage in harsh environments…
Here’s what’s conveniently being left out:
Not every bit of wear-and-tear actually requires your immediate attention.
Given everything you have on your plate already—scheduled tasks, employee meetings, piles of paperwork, etc…
It’s the “essential requirements” that deserve your attention more than anything else. The very same ones that could leave you exposed to downtime, safety hazards, and compliance risks, if left unchecked.
But where others are hesitant to draw lines between what can and cannot wait, it’s only right, for the sake of facility operations…
That you’re finally made aware of the 6 urgent requirements an essential maintenance program will keep you prepared for at all times!
6 MAINTENANCE REQUIREMENTS
CRITICAL TO FACILITY OPERATIONS
1. OPERATIONAL WORKFLOW
One of the primary functions of equipment is to allow people and goods to move from one place to another. Without this it simply isn’t feasible to make or distribute any of your products—let alone receive payment for getting them into the hands of your customers.
Yet when equipment designed to facilitate operational workflow fails, what often follows is a sudden break in the action that can force productivity to come to a standstill for as long as the problem remains unresolved.
Fortunately, this an area where an essential maintenance program performs at its best, by routinely assessing wear-and-tear damage to workflow-related equipment, prior to taking care of repairs that are necessary to keeping facility operations in motion and productivity on track!
2. EQUIPMENT INTEGRITY
For mission-critical equipment to function properly it must be working together as a unit, like it was originally intended. Only then can it actually serve its purpose without becoming unreliable or turning into a flat-out liability that causes way more problems than it solves.
But in the likely event that one or more integral parts of equipment were to reach the point of no return or come undone, it wouldn’t be out of the question to assume catastrophic failure for the entire system.
Unless, of course, you were covered by an essential maintenance program that focused strictly on uncovering the most severe forms of wear-and-tear damage, while at the same time providing high-priority repairs to equipment that can’t be allowed to fail!
3. SAFETY AND EHS
Equipment that’s specifically designed to protect your products, processes, and personnel from environmental hazards should never be overlooked. On the contrary, they deserve the utmost attention, considering they’re an object of extreme scrutiny from outside regulators.
In fact, even the slightest breach could be a big cause for concern, since it would likely be found in violation of compliance protocols, which often carry strict penalties like mandatory fines and even shutdowns.
Given this strong emphasis placed on environmental safety, an essential maintenance program would be able to prove its worth by anticipating any immediate concerns (no matter how small) and bringing a swift resolution to dangerous threats—before the damage is done!
Optimal security, both inside and outside of facilities, depends on integrated measures that can respond at a moment’s notice. This way, you and personnel don’t have to feel increasingly vulnerable, compromised, or unprepared in case of a serious and unforeseen accident threat.
Still, accidents can happen, and if existing equipment isn’t up to task of performing its security functions right when you need them, then the consequences could lead to prolonged facility exposure and even physical damage.
The good news is, an essential maintenance program keeps all of this under control for you by closely monitoring your security equipment and making sure to correct any irregular protocols long before they even have the chance of backfiring on the things that matter most!
5. FIRE STANDARDS
Fire standards are there to protect facility operations from literally going up in flames. For this reason, they should always be treated with extreme caution—should you ever have to rely on them to insulate you from the devastating effects of unexpected fire incidents.
But aside from being legally enforced, it goes without saying that even smallest oversight could put your property and equipment at risk, while also endangering the lives of innocent people who are simply doing their job.
Extremely vigilant, therefore, of the dangers and legal requirements surrounding fire safety, one of the top priorities an essential maintenance program would tackle immediately would be the appropriate testing and repair of fire-rated equipment that for some reason isn’t up to code!
Given the highly infectious spread of COVID-19, sanitation is a hot-button issue of epic proportions that won’t be going away any time soon, for the simple reason that everybody is at risk of being exposed.
That said, if there’s one thing you can count on it’s that any basic measures you’ve come to rely on will no longer be tolerated, since sanitary procedures are sure to become stricter than at any time in the past.
Because of this, an essential maintenance program that adheres to the latest federal and state guidelines for sanitation control could simply not come at better time, and will ultimately prevent you and everyone you come into contact with at your facilities from getting infected!
Food & Beverage: 5 Compliance Risks Regulators ‘Can’t Wait’ To Catch
Post by : Anthony Tobar | Post on : February 25, 2020 at 7:58 pm
Of all the major industries, food and beverage is perhaps the most heavily regulated.
This, of course, is for good reason, since food safety violations can result in foodborne illnesses and death (in the most severe cases).
Yet what could be just as troubling is the immediate blowback processors and distributors would have to face if something like this were to go down at their facilities. We’re talking: severe legal punishment, media firestorms, and abrupt shutdowns.
One could also say it would damage their corporate reputation, while calling into question the oversight practices of the food & beverage industry as whole.
But let’s face it…
The FDA, SQF, USDA and others aren’t going to stand by and let this happen.
Quite the opposite, actually, considering they’ll invoke any opportunity to issue violation notices, to avoid leaving anything to chance on their watch.
And so the real question is:
How do operations and facilities specialists—responsible for maintaining the safety and sanitation of controlled environments—put their best foot forward when put under the microscope of regulatory audits and inspections?
To answer this, let us first uncover 5 major food safety and compliance hazards that could land you in hot waters with the powers-that-be, if left unchecked.
Only then can you actually know what steps to take to stop regulators from breathing down your neck!
5 MAJOR HAZARDS THAT COULD
LAND YOU IN HOT WATER
Given daily sanitation procedures, involving extreme moisture and harsh chemicals, corrosion is one of the most critical threats to food quality and safety. In fact, according to the world’s leading corrosion control organization, NACE International, yearly corrosion-related costs in the food & beverage industry exceed upwards of $2 billion.
For this reason, regulators are never content to let rusty surfaces that can contaminate food and beverage products—either through direct or indirect contact—go unresolved.
Instead, in environments where they are most easily exposed, such as processing and packaging, they’ll almost certainly hand down some form of punishment if, for whatever reason, they deem surrounding equipment or materials no longer suitable in resisting corrosion.
Aside from the fact that condensed water droplets can contaminate food and beverage products—through all sorts of impurities and microorganisms—they also create slipping and falling hazards on the ground. Studies have shown, for instance, that 30% percent of workplace injuries in the food & beverage industry can be traced back to accidental slips.
This is particularly the case in high-moisture environments that involve two-way air exchanges on a continuous, ongoing basis, like cold storage facilities, where warm air makes its way through the top of the cooler or freezer and cold air escapes along the bottom.
So, in the event your cold storage facilities are prone to heavy traffic, what this means is that it won’t take long for regulators to call out accumulated condensation displayed by obvious water marks and puddles that put on-duty personnel in harm’s way.
Infestation threats involving any number of bugs, insects, and pests are of catastrophic concern for food safety, as they have been shown to spread diseases, damage products, and compromise the integrity of food and beverage environments.
So while there are many alternatives out there that claim to “boost pest control,” most of them do so after invasions have taken place. Keep in mind, however, that in specific areas where creepy crawlers and insect intruders are likely to convene—such as warehouse and dumpster openings—this can happen almost regularly.
And, for regulators, their first order of business won’t be to help you get rid of these pests. They’ll be far more concerned with how they were able to breach your defenses in the first place, perhaps handing you a violation notice in the process.
4. OCCUPATIONAL ACCIDENTS
The potential for accidents in fast-paced industrial environments isn’t something that should be taken lightly, especially when they can lead to severe injuries and production losses that eventually someone’s going to have to answer for.
So, before it’s too late and the damage is done, the very best thing you can do, starting now, is mitigate any potential accident risks by making sure not to overlook any equipment that can break easily or cause bodily harm.
Once that’s out the way you can go back to work knowing you’ve done everything in your power to ensure the safety and security of your facilities, which means regulators won’t be able to say or do anything that you won’t be prepared for.
5. AIRBORNE CONTAMINATION
Whether in liquid or solid form, what most contaminants, specifically bioaerosols, have in common is that they travel by air, infusing anything they touch with harmful microbes. As Food Safety Magazine puts it, these very same airborne contaminants pose a “substantial risk” to products such as dairy, raw meats, and fruit juices.
Of the various sources for airborne contamination some of most common ones include inefficient process and equipment filters, which allow water and dust to make their way into areas where food and beverage products are being packaged or prepared.
And since regulators are all too aware of this, you can bet they’ll be paying extra-close attention to any sort of gaps where bacteria and viruses, found within bioaerosols, can easily cause Salmonella, E. coli, and Lysteria—just to name a few.